October - the Month of the Holy Rosary

The month of October is dedicated to the Holy Rosary. According to an account by fifteenth-century Dominican, Alan de la Roch, Mary appeared to St. Dominic in 1206 after he had been praying and doing severe penances because of his lack of success in combating the Albigensian heresy. Mary praised him for his valiant fight against the heretics and then gave him the Rosary as a mighty weapon, explained its uses and efficacy, and told him to preach it to others.

The Rosary and the Liturgical Year

The Rosary had its origins in the Middle Ages and was called “Mary’s Psalter.”  At a time when the common folk were, for the most part, illiterate, the rosary and its 150 “Aves” took the place of the 150 psalms of the breviary. 

The Rosary is a meditation on the life of Christ – his advent, mission, passion, death, resurrection and ascension.  The Rosary also contemplates the life of Mary whose life is so intricately intertwined with that of Christ.  Because it covers all the mysteries of their two lives, it is also a summary of the liturgical year. 

Many of the saints have urged the faithful to pray the Rosary.  It was a particularly favorite form of prayer for St. Teresa of Avila, St. Francis de Sales, St. Louis de Montfort, St. Alphonsus Liguori, St. John Bosco, St. Bernadette and many others.

Until the 16th century, the mysteries of the rosary were many and varied.  The joyful, sorrowful, and glorious mysteries were an attempt to standardize the practice of praying the rosary in public.  Pope St. John Paul II added the luminous mysteries to the original fifteen.  As of now, the mysteries are:


The Annunciation
The Visitation
The Nativity
The Presentation of the Child Jesus
The Finding of the Child Jesus in the Temple


The Agony in the Garden
The Scourging at the Pillar
Jesus is crowned with thorns.
Jesus carries his cross.
The crucifixion.


The Resurrection
The Ascension
The Descent of the Holy Spirit
The Assumption of the Blessed Mother into Heaven
Mary is crowned Queen of Heaven and Earth.


The Baptism in the Jordan
The Wedding at Cana
The Proclamation of the Kingdom
The Transfiguration
The Institution of the Eucharist

Litany of Loretto

Lord, have mercy. Christ, have mercy.
Lord, have mercy. Christ, hear us.
Christ, graciously hear us.

God, the Father of Heaven, have mercy on us.
God the Son, Redeemer of the World,
God the Holy Spirit,
Holy Trinity, One God,

Holy Mary, pray for us.
Holy Mother of God,
Holy Virgin of Virgins,  
Mother of Christ, 
Mother of Divine Grace, 
Mother most Pure, 
Mother most Chaste,
Mother Inviolate, 
Mother Undefiled, 
Mother most Amiable, 
Mother most Admirable, 
Mother of good Counsel, 
Mother of our Creator,
Mother of our Savior, 
Virgin most Prudent, 
Virgin most Venerable, 
Virgin most Renowned, 
Virgin most Powerful, 
Virgin most Merciful, 
Virgin most Faithful, 
Mirror of Justice, 
Seat of Wisdom,
Cause of our Joy, 
Spiritual Vessel,
Vessel of Honor,
Singular Vessel of Devotion, 
Mystical Rose, 
Tower of David, 
Tower of Ivory, 
House of Gold, 
Ark of the Covenant, 
Gate of Heaven, 
Morning Star, 
Health of the Sick, 
Refuge of Sinners,
Comforter of the Afflicted,
Help of Christians, 
Queen of Angels, 
Queen of Patriarchs, 
Queen of Prophets, 
Queen of Apostles, 
Queen of Martyrs, 
Queen of Confessors, 
Queen of Virgins, 
Queen of all Saints, 
Queen conceived without Original Sin, 
Queen assumed into Heaven, 
Queen of the most Holy Rosary, 
Queen of the Family, 
Queen of Peace,    

Lamb of God, Who take away the sins of the world, spare us, O Lord! 

Lamb of God, Who take away the sins of the world, graciously hear us, O Lord! 

Lamb of God, Who take away the sins of the world, have mercy on us.   


V. Pray for us, O Holy Mother of God.  

R. That we may be made worthy of the promises of Christ.   


Let us pray.   


Grant, we beg Thee, O Lord God, that we Thy servants, may enjoy lasting health of mind and body, and by the glorious intercession of the Blessed Mary, ever Virgin, be delivered from present sorrow and enter into the joy of eternal happiness. Through Christ our Lord. R. Amen.

Prayer Intention of the Holy Father for October, 2019

A Missionary "Spring" in the Church

That the breath of the Holy Spirit engender a new missionary "spring" in the Church.


The eighth month of the old Roman year.  By the Slavs this is called “Yellow month” from the fading of the leaf; to the Anglo-Saxons, it was known as Winter Fylleth, because at this moon (fylleth) winter was supposed to begin.

October 18: St. Luke
October 28: St. Simon and St. Jude


By the 1st of March the crows begin to search,
By the 1st of April they are sitting still,
By the 1st of May they are flown away,
Creeping greedy back again
With October wind and rain.

A good October and a good blast,
To blow the hog, acorn and mast.

In October dung your field
And your land its wealth shall yield.

Queen of the Rosary